Leaves play an important part in plant identification. Ref. Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to Sterile flowers usually present, similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker. Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom. It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions. The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. Jan 13, 2018 - NYC's Premier Adult Allergy and Asthma Practice Family: Moraceae; hillii (Bailey) Corner (Hill's Fig) as a street tree in warmer coastal areas. Introduction. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and Common fig is a shrub with fuzzy twigs and sandpapery, lobed leaves which is widely cultivated in the south and has escaped a few gardens in Massachusetts. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. 2014).Disease symptoms such as downward rolling of leaf margins and interveinal discoloration are most likely to be observed late in the season and are more conspicuous on red … Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. Overwatering is just as detrimental as under-watering a ficus. The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. (Life; Embryophyta Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. (Indian Rubber Plant) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var. Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. South Africa. ex Hornen. This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on figs: Fig exhibitions: Fig and fig … Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary: 3 (plants); Angiospermae Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. Their flowers are actually produced inside the package (syconium) we think of as the "fig." Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. Make sure you don't overwater this plant. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. Therefore, a dichotomous key will always give you two choices in each step and following all the steps will lead you to the name of the tree you're identifying. Water your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches (5.1 cm) down. Identifying Ficus Tree Diseases and Their Precautionary Measures Figs are popular decorative houseplants, especially for their rich foliage and modifiable canopy. Condit lists many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. A huge change has been made for house plant identification, and all of it is positive, moving forward and helping you guys to find more support to identify indoor plants. 1 a: Root climber; leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches; figs pear-shaped, up to 5(7) cm. Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive I have successfully used the Rock Identification Key, in a flowchart paper format, with more than 6000 elementary school children for more than 20 years. While edible figs (Ficus carica) are grown agronomically for delicious fruit, many Ficus species have been commercialized for decorative, ornamental purposes (Figure 1).These horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. Look for large, closely-spaced leaves to identify the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata). Identification keys and field guides to Ficus species - figweb Identify My Houseplant. ), the edible fig (Ficus … URL: key to the figs of New Guinea, under Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Read More Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa), website Description Appearance. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. If the leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus. Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. The key to identifying fig varieties correctly is using Condit's system of leaf and fruit classifications. We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts". ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. Inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle (= syconium, fig). Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. How to use this key 1) Use the leaves from a tree or find a picture of a tree you want to identify and click on the most appropriate match to the right. Look for a Ficus tree with small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig (F. macrophylla). Indonesia (Borneo), by Ficus also offer a variety of textures, so there's one for practically everyone's personal style. and rainforest tree species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples. var sc_project=2485733; True fruits achenes, multiple fruit a syconium or fig. Figs have a very unusual pollination scheme. We now have an open FORUM (no longer just a form that comes to me). 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Ficus Identification. Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of Male flowers with 1 or 2 stamens. Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … Flowers very small. Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). Ficus -- also called figs -- are among the most popular indoor plants, and for good reason. Galil (1977). C, SW, SE. Key to Ficus: cultivated species. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. Perianth segments usually 1–5. It often has air-roots. The following photos will allow you to identify indoor plants. Inflorescences axillary, sometimes cauliflorous, flowers compact, the axis of the inflorescence invaginated forming a hollow, ± globose, fleshy receptacle (fig or syconium), with small bracts surrounding an apical orifice. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Ficus microcarpa. Female flowers naked or perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary. Key differences from similar families. Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. Ficus species are commonly grown as ornamentals, for example, F. benjamina L. (Weeping Fig) and F. elastica Roxb. 1. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. 1. The leaves often have a leathery texture and the tree sprouts aerial roots in … Species Overview. Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. Both can cause the leaves on your tree to drop. enable Java on your web browser, Interactive A baker's dozen of optimal varieties could include: Mt Etna (by many names), Ronde de Bordeaux, Brooklyn White, Florea, Longue d'Aout/Nordland, Marseilles, Violette de Bordeaux (by… 2006, Almeida et al. key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Fig & Rainforest Tree Species Identification Photos, Australia. These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. 2013, Rayapati et al. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. Leaves mostly entire, usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous or pubescent; stipules pointed and rolled on terminal buds, falling early, usually leaving obvious circular scars. Fig fruit has many different possible shapes … Click on image to view plant details. F. pumila. Fiddleleaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in … (MORACEAE) da Mata Atlântica, BRASIL, by Anderson Ferreira P. Machado, Useful tips for generic identification. The obligate mutualism between fig trees and their pollinating wasps is a classic and much-studied example of symbiosis [9-11]. The pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species of wasps. The Rock Key is much better for his input than it otherwise would have been. We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals . var sc_security="9d3822be". Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Origin: India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 (ornamental) Distribution. long FZ account for Ficus pumila: b - Trees or shrubs; leaves not heteromorphic go to 2: 2 a: Leaf lamina 3–5-lobed; figs ± broadly pear-shaped, pedunculate In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. var sc_invisible=1; Click on image to view plant details. Its fleshy fruits are edible. of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus Banyan, (Ficus benghalensis), also called Indian banyan or banyan fig, unusually shaped tree of the mulberry family native to the Indian subcontinent.The banyan reaches a height up to 30 metres (100 feet) and spreads laterally indefinitely. www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors Laurel fig. Grapevine leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide (Charles et al. (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Identification Key. Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. Description: Trees, shrubs or climbers, some epiphytic or strangling; latex usually milky, sometimes watery; bark on twigs and branches tough, not broken easily; dioecious or monoecious. 2020. Alan's advice has made this web version of the Rock Key a much better document. Edible Fig Plant Identification by Leaf. In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. Between the plant and certain species of the Rock Key a much better document these are easy to care and! 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